Jackie Kennedy - Former First Lady of the United States, Timeline and Family

Home  ›  American  ›  Jackie KennedyJuly 28, 1929123 views

0.0 based on 0 rates

Jackie Kennedy's Personal Details

Jackie/Jacqueline Kennedy was the famous and stylish wife of the 35th President of the United States, John F

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 28, 1929
Died onMay 19, 1994
NationalityAmerican
FamousFormer First Lady of the United States, Miscellaneous, First Ladies
City/StateNew Yorkers
SpousesAristotle Onassis, John F. Kennedy
SiblingsLee Radziwill
Known asJacqueline Lee Jackie Kennedy Onassis, Jacqueline Lee Bouvier
Childrens Caroline Kennedy, John F. Kennedy Jr., Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
Universities
  • Holton-Arms School in Bethesda
  • Maryland
  • Miss Porter's School in Farmington
  • Connecticut
  • Vassar College in Poughkeepsie University of Grenoble in Grenoble
Birth PlaceSouthampton, New York, United States
Political IdeologyDemocratic
ReligionRoman Catholic
Height170cm
GenderFemale
FatherJohn Vernou Bouvier III
MotherJanet Lee Bouvier
Sun SignLeo
Born inSouthampton, New York, United States
Famous asFormer First Lady of the United States
Died at Age64

// Famous Former First Lady of the United States

Jackie Kennedy's photo

Who is Jackie Kennedy?

Jackie Kennedy is fondly remembered as the stylish wife of slain American President John F. Kennedy. Jackie became the first Lady of United States in 1961 after John Kennedy became the American President and she remained so for a short period till 1963 when John was murdered. Jackie was a great enthusiast of art and encouraged preservation of historic architecture. She was very famous for her gorgeous looks and her beautiful and elegant style statements. Several years after Kennedy’s death, Jackie married Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis who also died, after which Jackie spent the rest 20 years of her life as a successful book editor. Jackie was known for her graceful interviews and photographs given to the press. Jackie Kennedy was known for her preference towards privacy in her personal and family life. She became the youngest First Lady in American History at the age of 31 when her husband became the President.

// Famous First Ladies

Childhood & Early Years

Jacqueline Lee “Jackie” Kennedy Onassis was born as Jacqueline Lee Bouvier on July 28, 1929 in Southampton, New York. Her father, John Vernoun Bouvier III, popularly called ‘Black Jack’ for his tan, was a wealthy Wall Street stockbroker, having French, Scottish, and English ancestry.

Her mother, Janet Norton Lee Bouvier, was a socialite of Irish descent. She was also an accomplished equestrienne. The couple had two daughters, Jackie and her younger sister Caroline Lee Bouvier, both of whom were raised in Catholic faith.

Since her childhood, Jackie idolized her father, having a close relationship not only with him, but also with her paternal grandfather, Major John Vernou Bouvier. They also favored her over her sister, helping her to develop her unique individuality and self-confidence.

Jackie spent most of her childhood in their Manhattan home. The summers were spent at ‘Lasata’, his paternal grandfather’s country home in East Hampton. Built on 12 acres of land, the estate included a large stable and it was here that Jackie first learned to ride horses.

In 1935, Jackie was enrolled at the Chapin School, where she studied from grade 1 to 6. Brilliant, but naughty; she quickly finished her assignments and then started playing pranks. It stopped when her headmistress told her that nobody would notice her good qualities unless she behaved.

Although John Bouvier dotted on her daughter he was also an alcoholic and a womanizer. In 1936, it led to his separation from his wife, which culminated into a divorce in 1940. The separation affected Jackie a great deal and she began to withdraw into a private world of her own.

Outwardly she led a normal life, often visiting her father. At the age of 11, she had the rare distinction of earning a double victory at the national junior horsemanship competition. At the age of 12, she started taking ballet lessons at the Metropolitan Opera House and also started learning French.

In 1942, as her mother married Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr., her life changed once more. She now began to live primarily in Auchincloss’ Merrywood estate in McLean, Virginia, also spending some time with her father in New York City and Long Island.

From Her mother’s marriage to Auchincloss, she had two half-siblings, Janet Jennings Auchincloss and James Lee Auchincloss. In addition, she had three more step-siblings from her stepfather’s two previous marriages; Hugh "Yusha" Auchincloss III, Thomas Gore Auchincloss, and Nina Gore Auchincloss.

In 1942, she left Chapin School to enroll at Holton-Arms School in Northwest Washington, D.C. Thereafter from 1944 to 1947, she studied at Miss Porter's School in Farmington, Connecticut, where she excelled as a student, winning Maria McKinney Memorial Award for Excellence in Literature in her senior class.

In 1947, Jackie enrolled at Vassar College in New York to study history, literature, art and French. In the same year, before she entered the college, she was named "Debutante of the Year" by a local newspaper.

In 1949, she went to France in a study-abroad program and took the opportunity to polish her French. She also grew a love for French culture, associating it with her father, who was primarily of French descent.

Upon returning home in 1950, she transferred to George Washington University, graduating from there with a Bachelor of Arts degree in French literature in 1951. In the same year, she received appointment at the Washington Times-Herald newspaper, becoming its ‘Inquiring Camera Girl’.

Mrs. Jackie Kennedy

In May 1952, Jacqueline Bouvier was introduced to John F. Kennedy, at that time a dashing young member of the House of Representative, running for the Senate. He proposed to her in November 1952, their engagement was announced on June 2, 1953, and they got married on September 12, 1953.

All was not well in the beginning. While John Kennedy had to undergo spinal surgery, she had a miscarriage, later giving birth to a stillborn child named Arabella. Yet, she encouraged him to write and later helped to edit his famous book, ‘Profiles in Courage’, first published in January 1, 1956.

In 1957, she gave birth to her eldest surviving child, Caroline, at the same time helping her husband in his campaign for re-election to the Senate. Later John Kennedy acknowledged her contribution to his election.

On January 3, 1960, John F. Kennedy announced his candidacy for the presidency. This time too Jacqueline joined the nationwide campaign, traveling everywhere with her husband. But later as she became pregnant once more, she stopped traveling, but continued to help her husband by writing syndicated columns.

First Lady

On January 20, 1961, John F. Kennedy was sworn in as the President of the USA and with that Jacqueline became the third youngest First Lady of the country. By then, she had given birth to their only surviving son, John F. Kennedy, Jr. Her second son Patrick, born in 1963, died within two days.

Although her first priority was to serve the President and her children, she soon started taking up other duties, appointing her election-time social secretary, Letitia Baldrige, as the Chief of Staff. She was also the first First Lady to appoint a personal press secretary.

Restoration of the White House, turning it into a museum of American history and culture was her major contribution of this period. She also invited leading writers, artists, musicians and scientists to the state dinners, thus showing her appreciation for the American art and culture.

As the First Lady, she also traveled extensively, sometimes with her husband, sometime alone. Her sense of fashion as well as her deep knowledge about various cultures made her popular as much with international dignitaries as with the common people.

On November 22, 1963, Jacqueline Kennedy life as the First Lady came to a sudden halt. On that fateful day, while they were traveling in a Lincoln Continental convertible through the crowded streets of Dallas, President Kennedy was shot in the head by Lee Harvey Oswald.

With her pink Channel suit splashed with her husband’s blood, she accompanied him into the operating room at the Parkland Hospital, Dallas. But the doctors failed to revive the President and he was pronounced dead. Thus Jacqueline became a widow at the age of thirty-four.

Wanting the world to see her husband’s blood, she refused to change her clothes and embarked on Air Force One to return to Washington DC, standing by Lyndon B. Johnson as he took oath of office as President. No other widowed First Lady had done this before.

Later she took active role in arranging her husband’s funeral, using many details from Abraham Lincoln’s funeral almost a century earlier. Her quiet dignity at the ceremony as well as the sight of two young children, standing beside her, moved everybody.

Life After Her Husbands Death

After her husband’s death, Jackie Kennedy spent one year in mourning. President Johnson offered her ambassadorships to France, UK and Mexico, but she declined them all. Instead in 1964, she bought a 15th floor apartment at 1040 Fifth Avenue on Manhattan for herself and her children.

While he was alive, President Kennedy had started a work on establishing a repository for his Administration‘s official papers, but died before there was much progress. Jackie now took up work, supervising the establishment of the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum at Massachusetts.

In 1966, she also tried to block the publication of ‘The Death of a President,’ by William Manchester because it contained some passages detailing the President’s private life. Ultimately, she was successful in deleting the offending paragraphs from the final publication.

During the Vietnam War in November 1967, Jacqueline Kennedy traveled to Cambodia with British diplomat David Ormsby-Gore. The visit became the starting point for an improved US-Cambodian relationship.

In 1968, as her brother-in-law Robert Kennedy entered the Presidential race, she began campaigning for him. Her hope to see another Kennedy at the White House was dashed to pieces when on June 5, 1968 Robert was shot at and mortally wounded.

Mrs. Jacqueline Onassis

After the death of another Kennedy, Jacqueline started fearing for the life of her children and wanted to get out of the USA. On October 20, 1968, she hurriedly married her long-time friend Aristotle Onassis, a wealthy Greek shipping magnate.

On becoming Jacqueline Onassis, she lost Secret Service protection. But she knew Aristotle Onassis would be able to provide her with security and privacy she was looking for, both for herself and her children. However, she made sure that her children keep in touch with the Kennedys.

At home in USA, public was outraged at the marriage. As Onassis was a divorcee, many took the opportunity to call her a ‘public sinner’. The paparazzi also made her life difficult.

Return to U.S.A

Aristotle Onassis died on March 1, 1975, making Jacqueline widow for the second time. She now returned home to take up the position of a consulting editor at Viking Press. Meanwhile, she became embroiled in law suit with Aristotle’s daughter over his legacy.

In 1977, she resigned from her job at Viking Press and took up the position of a senior editor at Doubleday. Possibly in the same year, she accepted a $26 million from Aristotle’s daughter and waived all other claims on his estates.

She also took interest in preserving landmarks such as Grand Central Terminal in New York. When in 1979, her brother-in-law Ted Kennedy announced his intention to challenge incumbent President Jimmy Carter for the Democratic nomination she was there beside him, taking part in the subsequent presidential campaign.

Major Works

Jacqueline Kennedy is best remembered for restoration of the White House. Prior to her time, it was customary for the departing Presidents to take away the furniture they used. Therefore, when she entered the White house, she found the furniture utterly undistinguished, lacking in historical significance.

To restore the glory of the White House, she started tracking down the missing furniture and other pieces of historical interest, writing to the possible donors personally. With her guidance, a bill was passed that made the White furnishings property of the Smithsonian Institution, preventing future presidents from claiming them.

Her work was complete by the beginning of 1962. In February, she invited Charles Collingwood of CBS News for a television tour of the White House. Meanwhile in 1961, she set up White House Historical Association in order to help the public to understand, appreciate, and enjoy the White House,

Awards & Achievements

In 1962, Jacqueline Kennedy won a special Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Trustees Award at the Emmy Awards for restoring the White House and then arranging a television tour around it. The award was accepted by Lady Bird Johnson on her behalf.

Personal Life & Legacy

Jackie Kennedy had four children from her marriage with John F. Keneddy. The first was a stillborn daughter, Arabella, born in 1956. In 1957, the couple had a daughter named Caroline. She is the only surviving child of John and Jackie Kennedy. In 1960, she gave birth to a son named John F. Keneddy Jr. He died in a plane crash in 1999. In 1963, the couple had their fourth child, son named Patrick, who died after two days.

She had no child from second marriage with Aristotle Onassis. After the death of her second husband Aristotle Onassis, Jacqueline’s name was romantically linked with different men. However, for the last twelve years of his life, Maurice Tempelsman, a Belgian-born diamond dealer, had been her constant companion.

In December 1993, she was diagnosed with non-Hodgkins lymphoma and died from it on May 19, 1994 at New York Hospital–Cornell Medical Center. The funeral was held on May 23, 1994 at the Church of St. Ignatius Loyola, the same Catholic parish where she was baptized years ago.

The Jacqueline Kennedy Garden, located south of the East Colonnade at the White House continues to carry her legacy. It is mostly used by Presidents for award giving ceremonies.

// Famous Miscellaneous

Jackie Kennedy awards

YearNameAward

Other

Special Academy of Television Arts and Sciences Trustees Award

Jackie Kennedy biography timelines

  • // 1040 To 1964
    After her husband’s death, Jackie Kennedy spent one year in mourning. President Johnson offered her ambassadorships to France, UK and Mexico, but she declined them all. Instead in 1964, she bought a 15th floor apartment at 1040 Fifth Avenue on Manhattan for herself and her children.
  • // 28th Jul 1929
    Jacqueline Lee “Jackie” Kennedy Onassis was born as Jacqueline Lee Bouvier on July 28, 1929 in Southampton, New York. Her father, John Vernoun Bouvier III, popularly called ‘Black Jack’ for his tan, was a wealthy Wall Street stockbroker, having French, Scottish, and English ancestry.
  • // 1935
    In 1935, Jackie was enrolled at the Chapin School, where she studied from grade 1 to 6. Brilliant, but naughty; she quickly finished her assignments and then started playing pranks. It stopped when her headmistress told her that nobody would notice her good qualities unless she behaved.
  • // 1936 To 1940
    Although John Bouvier dotted on her daughter he was also an alcoholic and a womanizer. In 1936, it led to his separation from his wife, which culminated into a divorce in 1940. The separation affected Jackie a great deal and she began to withdraw into a private world of her own.
  • // 1942
    In 1942, as her mother married Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr., her life changed once more. She now began to live primarily in Auchincloss’ Merrywood estate in McLean, Virginia, also spending some time with her father in New York City and Long Island.
  • // 1947
    In 1947, Jackie enrolled at Vassar College in New York to study history, literature, art and French. In the same year, before she entered the college, she was named "Debutante of the Year" by a local newspaper.
  • // 1949
    In 1949, she went to France in a study-abroad program and took the opportunity to polish her French. She also grew a love for French culture, associating it with her father, who was primarily of French descent.
  • // 1950 To 1951
    Upon returning home in 1950, she transferred to George Washington University, graduating from there with a Bachelor of Arts degree in French literature in 1951. In the same year, she received appointment at the Washington Times-Herald newspaper, becoming its ‘Inquiring Camera Girl’.
  • // 1st Jan 1956
    All was not well in the beginning. While John Kennedy had to undergo spinal surgery, she had a miscarriage, later giving birth to a stillborn child named Arabella. Yet, she encouraged him to write and later helped to edit his famous book, ‘Profiles in Courage’, first published in January 1, 1956.
  • // 1957
    In 1957, she gave birth to her eldest surviving child, Caroline, at the same time helping her husband in his campaign for re-election to the Senate. Later John Kennedy acknowledged her contribution to his election.
  • // 3rd Jan 1960
    On January 3, 1960, John F. Kennedy announced his candidacy for the presidency. This time too Jacqueline joined the nationwide campaign, traveling everywhere with her husband. But later as she became pregnant once more, she stopped traveling, but continued to help her husband by writing syndicated columns.
  • // 1961 To 1962
    Her work was complete by the beginning of 1962. In February, she invited Charles Collingwood of CBS News for a television tour of the White House. Meanwhile in 1961, she set up White House Historical Association in order to help the public to understand, appreciate, and enjoy the White House,
  • // 20th Jan 1961 To 1963
    On January 20, 1961, John F. Kennedy was sworn in as the President of the USA and with that Jacqueline became the third youngest First Lady of the country. By then, she had given birth to their only surviving son, John F. Kennedy, Jr. Her second son Patrick, born in 1963, died within two days.
  • // 1962
    In 1962, Jacqueline Kennedy won a special Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Trustees Award at the Emmy Awards for restoring the White House and then arranging a television tour around it. The award was accepted by Lady Bird Johnson on her behalf.
  • // 22nd Nov 1963
    On November 22, 1963, Jacqueline Kennedy life as the First Lady came to a sudden halt. On that fateful day, while they were traveling in a Lincoln Continental convertible through the crowded streets of Dallas, President Kennedy was shot in the head by Lee Harvey Oswald.
  • // 1966
    In 1966, she also tried to block the publication of ‘The Death of a President,’ by William Manchester because it contained some passages detailing the President’s private life. Ultimately, she was successful in deleting the offending paragraphs from the final publication.
  • // Nov 1967
    During the Vietnam War in November 1967, Jacqueline Kennedy traveled to Cambodia with British diplomat David Ormsby-Gore. The visit became the starting point for an improved US-Cambodian relationship.
  • // 5th Jun 1968
    In 1968, as her brother-in-law Robert Kennedy entered the Presidential race, she began campaigning for him. Her hope to see another Kennedy at the White House was dashed to pieces when on June 5, 1968 Robert was shot at and mortally wounded.
  • // 20th Oct 1968
    After the death of another Kennedy, Jacqueline started fearing for the life of her children and wanted to get out of the USA. On October 20, 1968, she hurriedly married her long-time friend Aristotle Onassis, a wealthy Greek shipping magnate.
  • // 1st Mar 1975
    Aristotle Onassis died on March 1, 1975, making Jacqueline widow for the second time. She now returned home to take up the position of a consulting editor at Viking Press. Meanwhile, she became embroiled in law suit with Aristotle’s daughter over his legacy.
  • // 1977
    In 1977, she resigned from her job at Viking Press and took up the position of a senior editor at Doubleday. Possibly in the same year, she accepted a $26 million from Aristotle’s daughter and waived all other claims on his estates.
  • // 1979
    She also took interest in preserving landmarks such as Grand Central Terminal in New York. When in 1979, her brother-in-law Ted Kennedy announced his intention to challenge incumbent President Jimmy Carter for the Democratic nomination she was there beside him, taking part in the subsequent presidential campaign.

// Leo Celebrities

Jackie Kennedy's FAQ

  • What is Jackie Kennedy birthday?

    Jackie Kennedy was born at 1929-07-28

  • When was Jackie Kennedy died?

    Jackie Kennedy was died at 1994-05-19

  • Where was Jackie Kennedy died?

    Jackie Kennedy was died in New York City, United States

  • Which age was Jackie Kennedy died?

    Jackie Kennedy was died at age 64

  • Where is Jackie Kennedy's birth place?

    Jackie Kennedy was born in Southampton, New York, United States

  • What is Jackie Kennedy nationalities?

    Jackie Kennedy's nationalities is American

  • Who is Jackie Kennedy spouses?

    Jackie Kennedy's spouses is Aristotle Onassis, John F. Kennedy

  • Who is Jackie Kennedy siblings?

    Jackie Kennedy's siblings is Lee Radziwill

  • Who is Jackie Kennedy childrens?

    Jackie Kennedy's childrens is Caroline Kennedy, John F. Kennedy Jr., Patrick Bouvier Kennedy

  • What was Jackie Kennedy universities?

    Jackie Kennedy studied at Holton-Arms School in Bethesda, Maryland, Miss Porter's School in Farmington, Connecticut, Vassar College in Poughkeepsie University of Grenoble in Grenoble

  • What is Jackie Kennedy's political ideology?

    Jackie Kennedy's political ideology is Democratic

  • What is Jackie Kennedy's religion?

    Jackie Kennedy's religion is Roman Catholic

  • How tall is Jackie Kennedy?

    Jackie Kennedy's height is 170

  • Who is Jackie Kennedy's father?

    Jackie Kennedy's father is John Vernou Bouvier III

  • Who is Jackie Kennedy's mother?

    Jackie Kennedy's mother is Janet Lee Bouvier

  • What is Jackie Kennedy's sun sign?

    Jackie Kennedy is Leo

  • How famous is Jackie Kennedy?

    Jackie Kennedy is famouse as Former First Lady of the United States