François Hollande

François Hollande - President of France, Life Achievements and Childhood

Violet FieldHome › FrenchFrançois HollandeAugust 12, 1954126 views

0 based on 0 rates
François Hollande Biography Stories 

François Hollande's Personal Details

François Hollande is the current President of France

InformationDetail
BirthdayAugust 12, 1954
NationalityFrench
FamousSocialists, Leaders, Political Leaders, Presidents, President of France
IdeologiesSocialists
SpousesSégolène Royal
Known asFrancois Hollande, Mayor François Hollande, François Gérard Georges Hollande
ChildrensClémence Hollande, Flora Hollande, Julien Hollande, Thomas Hollande
Universities
  • HEC Paris
  • Sciences Po
  • 1980 - École nationale d'administration
Birth PlaceRouen
ReligionAgnosticism
Height170
GenderMale
FatherGeorges Gustave Hollande
MotherNicole Frédérique Marguerite Tribert
Net Worth$2 Million as of Jan 2017
Sun SignLeo
Born inRouen
Famous asPresident of France

// Famous President of France

Georges Pompidou

Georges Pompidou

Georges Jean Raymond Pompidou was a French politician, who served as the Prime Minister & President of France. This biography provides detailed information about his childhood, life, political career, achievements and timeline.

François Hollande's photo

Who is François Hollande?

François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande is the current President of France; he is in office since 2012. He joined the Socialist Party of France while he was still a student at École Nationale d'Administration and was quickly spotted by party leaders. He got his first important position as the special advisor to the newly elected President Mitterrand while he was still in his twenties. In late 1990s he became the First Secretary of the Socialist party under Prime Minister Jospin and held on to the post for eleven long years. Simultaneously, he also acted as the Mayor of Tulle. Although he experienced a brief period of decline from 2005 onwards he soon bounced back to win party nomination for the 2012 Presidential election. Once elected as President, he immediately started acting on his election manifesto. In addition to his political work, Hollande also has a number of books and academic works to his credit. In his last book ‘Changer de destinis’, published in February 2012, Hollande has talked about his personal and political journey. Personally he is an atheist. In an interview he had said that he respects all religions, but does not belong to any particular faith.

// Famous Leaders

Edi Rama

Edi Rama

Edi Rama is the current Prime Minister of Albania. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.

Leo Varadkar

Leo Varadkar

Cam Leo Varadkar is the current Taoiseach—the Prime Minister—of the Republic of Ireland. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family life, achievements and other facts about his life.

Anwar Sadat

Anwar Sadat

Anwar Sadat was the third President of Egypt and has been awarded the Nobel Prize for his peace initiatives. To know more about his childhood, career, profile and timeline read on the following biography.

Childhood & Early Life

François Hollande was born on August 12, 1954, in Rouen, France. His father, Georges Gustave Hollande, was an ENT doctor and held a far right political view. His mother, Nicole Frédérique Marguerite Tribert, was a social worker. As a child, François was brought up a Catholic.

François started his education at Saint-Jean-Baptiste-de-la-Salle in Rouen. When he turned thirteen the family moved to Neuilly-sur-Seine in the suburbs of Paris. There he enrolled at Lycée Pasteur, a secondary school in the locality.

After graduating from secondary school, François attended the École des Hautes Études Commerciales and passed out from there in 1975. Next, he enrolled at the Institut de Sciences Politiques and finally at the École Nationale d'Administration, from where he passed out in 1980. He also has a bachelor degree in law from Panthéon-Assas University.

Early Political Career

Hollande joined the Socialist Party in 1979, while he was still a student at École Nationale d'Administration and was spotted by Jacques Attali, the advisor to President Mitterrand. After passing out he entered Cour des comptes, a quasi judicial body under the French government, as a councilor.

In 1981, Hollande challenged future President Chirac for the French Assembly seat of Corrèze department in central France, but lost. He was then appointed as an economic adviser in the administration of President Francois Mitterrand. Later he was sent to work under the government spokesperson Max Gallo.

In 1983, Hollande became a municipal councilor for Ussel, a commune in the Corrèze department. In 1988, he again contested for the National Assembly seat from Corrèze and won. He lost the seat in the 1993 election due to right wing wave that engulfed the country during the period.

At that time, the Socialist Party was also undergoing a phase of internal struggle with different leaders trying to assert their authorities. Hollande tried to reconcile the different warring groups. Ultimately Lionel Jospin assumed the leadership of the party. Under him Hollande became the official party spokesperson.

Then in 1997, Jospin became the Prime Minister of a cohabitation government under President Chirac. This is also the year when Hollande regained his National Assembly seat from Corrèze.

On becoming Prime Minister, Jospin appointed Hollande to the post of the First Secretary of the Socialist Party, a position he held until 2008. During this period Hollande’s hold within the party became so strong that many began to refer to him as the ‘Vice Prime Minister of France’.

In 2001, Hollande became the Mayor of Tulle, the capital of Corrèze department. Although he held the position for seven years, he was not disconnected from national politics. Contrarily, the shock defeat of Jospin in 2002 presidential election and his subsequent resignation made Hollande the party’s public face in the legislative election.

However, 2002 was a tough year for the Socialist Party. Although Hollande was able to retain his own seat at Corrèze and limit the defeat to some extent, the party lost the election on the whole. In spite of that he was reelected as the First Secretary in the 2003 party congress

In 2004 regional election, a left coalition headed by Socialist under Hollande won the twenty of the twenty two regions in Metropolitan France, consisting of mainland France and nearby islands.

With such a win, Hollande became the natural choice for the 2007 Presidential election. However, a large faction within the party opposed it and ultimately, his live-in partner Ségolène Royal was nominated to run the Presidential election. Unfortunately, she lost to Nicolas Sarkozy.

In 2005, Hollande was reelected as the First Secretary of the Socialist party; but his hold over the party began to wane from now on. Many blamed him for Royal’s defeat in the 2007 Presidential election. When his term as First Secretary ended in 2008 he did not seek reelection.

In April 2008, Hollande was elected as the President of the General Council of Corrèze. In March 2011, he was reelected to the same post. Soon, he announced his candidature in the forthcoming primary election for selection of the presidential nominee.

Presidential Election

In this election, Hollande was faced with five other contestants including IMF Managing Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn and his former partner Ségolène Royal. While Strauss-Kahn was all time favorite, he had to leave the election after an alleged assault charge in New York. With it Hollande’s position as the frontrunner was established.

Hollande won the party nomination on October 16, 2011 receiving 56% of the vote. He also gained the support of the other candidates and began to get ready for the 2012 Presidential election.

Hollande launched his campaign at a rally at Le Bourget on January 22, 2012. It was attended by 25,000 people. On January 26, 2012, he released his manifesto outlining his policies. It contained sixty propositions.

Most of the propositions were aimed at improving the financial condition of the nation while some like granting marriage and adoption rights to LGT couples were of social relevance. In his manifesto he stressed on increasing the tax on the wealthy and the corporate, reducing the retirement age, creating 60,000 teaching jobs, promoting more industries etc.

The manifesto was strongly criticized by the incumbent president, Nicolas Sarkozy, who was running for his second and final term. After an initial close run, Hollande won the election comfortably. He was elected the President of French Republic on May 6, 2012 with 51.7% of the vote. With it, he also became the Co Prince of Andorra.

President of French Republic

Hollande’s first year as the French President was dominated by economic problems like record unemployment and low consumer confidence. His first priority was to tackle that. At the same time, he also paid equal attention to foreign relation and met heads of different government to tackle Euro zone debt crisis.

Hollande emphasized on generating growth. However, by end of the year he proposed higher value-added tax, a new corporate tax credit and also cuts in state spending. By the end of second year, there were indications that the country had officially come out of recession, but French economy remained stagnant.

At the same time, Hollande paid equal attention to various other issues. On May 18, 2013, he signed the bill, which legalized same sex marriage and the adoption rights of LGBT couples. He also undertook labor reforms that would make France industry-friendly and at the same time are fair on its workforce.

Hollande is equally keen on tackling Islamist terrorism and has sent troops to Mali to oust the militants from the country. After the November 2015 attack on Paris by the ISIS, Hollande declared that France was at war with the group.

Major Works

As president, Hollande has legalized same sex marriage and the adoption rights of LGBT couples. He has introduced labour reforms to make French industry more competitive. Under his reign, France is one of the leading members of the international coalition against ISIS.

Personal Life & Legacy

Although Hollande has never married, for thirty years he had a live-in relatiosnship with Ségolène Royal. They had four children; Thomas, Clémence, Julien and Flora. The couple separated in 2007.

Few months after the separation with Royal Hollande began to see French journalist Valérie Trierweiler. After Hollande became the President, she moved in with him. She later accompanied him in his foreign trips and acted as the official hostess. The couple announced their official separation on January 25, 2014.

Trivia

According Forbes Magazine Hollande was the 16th most powerful person in 2015.

// Famous Socialists

Karl Marx

Karl Marx

Karl Marx was a Prussian-German philosopher, revolutionary, historian and socialist whose communist ideologies and works laid the foundation for ‘Marxism’. Explore this biography to learn more about his childhood, life achievements, works & timeline.

Julia Gillard

Julia Gillard

Julia Gillard is a former Prime Minister of Australia and the first woman to hold the position. To know more about her childhood, career, profile and timeline read on

Jack London

Jack London

Jack London was a short-story writer hailing from America, who was also a social activist and journalist. This biography provides detailed information about his childhood, profile, career and timeline

François Hollande biography timelines

  • // 12th Aug 1954
    François Hollande was born on August 12, 1954, in Rouen, France. His father, Georges Gustave Hollande, was an ENT doctor and held a far right political view. His mother, Nicole Frédérique Marguerite Tribert, was a social worker. As a child, François was brought up a Catholic.
  • // 1975 To 1980
    After graduating from secondary school, François attended the École des Hautes Études Commerciales and passed out from there in 1975. Next, he enrolled at the Institut de Sciences Politiques and finally at the École Nationale d'Administration, from where he passed out in 1980. He also has a bachelor degree in law from Panthéon-Assas University.
  • // 1979
    Hollande joined the Socialist Party in 1979, while he was still a student at École Nationale d'Administration and was spotted by Jacques Attali, the advisor to President Mitterrand. After passing out he entered Cour des comptes, a quasi judicial body under the French government, as a councilor.
  • // 1981
    In 1981, Hollande challenged future President Chirac for the French Assembly seat of Corrèze department in central France, but lost. He was then appointed as an economic adviser in the administration of President Francois Mitterrand. Later he was sent to work under the government spokesperson Max Gallo.
  • // 1983
    In 1983, Hollande became a municipal councilor for Ussel, a commune in the Corrèze department. In 1988, he again contested for the National Assembly seat from Corrèze and won. He lost the seat in the 1993 election due to right wing wave that engulfed the country during the period.
  • // 1997
    Then in 1997, Jospin became the Prime Minister of a cohabitation government under President Chirac. This is also the year when Hollande regained his National Assembly seat from Corrèze.
  • // 2001 To 2002
    In 2001, Hollande became the Mayor of Tulle, the capital of Corrèze department. Although he held the position for seven years, he was not disconnected from national politics. Contrarily, the shock defeat of Jospin in 2002 presidential election and his subsequent resignation made Hollande the party’s public face in the legislative election.
  • // 2002 To 2003
    However, 2002 was a tough year for the Socialist Party. Although Hollande was able to retain his own seat at Corrèze and limit the defeat to some extent, the party lost the election on the whole. In spite of that he was reelected as the First Secretary in the 2003 party congress
  • // 2004
    In 2004 regional election, a left coalition headed by Socialist under Hollande won the twenty of the twenty two regions in Metropolitan France, consisting of mainland France and nearby islands.
  • // 2007
    With such a win, Hollande became the natural choice for the 2007 Presidential election. However, a large faction within the party opposed it and ultimately, his live-in partner Ségolène Royal was nominated to run the Presidential election. Unfortunately, she lost to Nicolas Sarkozy.
  • // 2007
    Although Hollande has never married, for thirty years he had a live-in relatiosnship with Ségolène Royal. They had four children; Thomas, Clémence, Julien and Flora. The couple separated in 2007.
  • // 2008
    On becoming Prime Minister, Jospin appointed Hollande to the post of the First Secretary of the Socialist Party, a position he held until 2008. During this period Hollande’s hold within the party became so strong that many began to refer to him as the ‘Vice Prime Minister of France’.
  • // Apr 2008 To Mar 2011
    In April 2008, Hollande was elected as the President of the General Council of Corrèze. In March 2011, he was reelected to the same post. Soon, he announced his candidature in the forthcoming primary election for selection of the presidential nominee.
  • // 16th Oct 2011 To 2012
    Hollande won the party nomination on October 16, 2011 receiving 56% of the vote. He also gained the support of the other candidates and began to get ready for the 2012 Presidential election.
  • // 26th Jan 2012
    Hollande launched his campaign at a rally at Le Bourget on January 22, 2012. It was attended by 25,000 people. On January 26, 2012, he released his manifesto outlining his policies. It contained sixty propositions.
  • // 6th May 2012
    The manifesto was strongly criticized by the incumbent president, Nicolas Sarkozy, who was running for his second and final term. After an initial close run, Hollande won the election comfortably. He was elected the President of French Republic on May 6, 2012 with 51.7% of the vote. With it, he also became the Co Prince of Andorra.
  • // 18th May 2013
    At the same time, Hollande paid equal attention to various other issues. On May 18, 2013, he signed the bill, which legalized same sex marriage and the adoption rights of LGBT couples. He also undertook labor reforms that would make France industry-friendly and at the same time are fair on its workforce.
  • // 25th Jan 2014
    Few months after the separation with Royal Hollande began to see French journalist Valérie Trierweiler. After Hollande became the President, she moved in with him. She later accompanied him in his foreign trips and acted as the official hostess. The couple announced their official separation on January 25, 2014.
  • // 2015
    According Forbes Magazine Hollande was the 16th most powerful person in 2015.
  • // Nov 2015
    Hollande is equally keen on tackling Islamist terrorism and has sent troops to Mali to oust the militants from the country. After the November 2015 attack on Paris by the ISIS, Hollande declared that France was at war with the group.

// Famous Political Leaders

Edi Rama

Edi Rama

Edi Rama is the current Prime Minister of Albania. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.

Leo Varadkar

Leo Varadkar

Cam Leo Varadkar is the current Taoiseach—the Prime Minister—of the Republic of Ireland. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family life, achievements and other facts about his life.

Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan

Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan

Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan is the current President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Check out this biography to know about his birthday, childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about him.

Mohammed bin Salman

Mohammed bin Salman

Mohammed bin Salman is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia and the heir apparent to the throne. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family life, achievements and other facts about him.

Sebastian Coe

Sebastian Coe

Sebastian Coe is a British former track and field athlete turned politician. This biography of Sebastian Coe provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.

Fatos Nano

Fatos Nano

Fatos Nano is an Albanian politician who served as Prime Minister of Albania for several times. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.

François Hollande's FAQ

  • What is François Hollande birthday?

    François Hollande was born at 1954-08-12

  • Where is François Hollande's birth place?

    François Hollande was born in Rouen

  • What is François Hollande nationalities?

    François Hollande's nationalities is French

  • What is François Hollande ideologies?

    François Hollande's ideologies is Socialists

  • Who is François Hollande spouses?

    François Hollande's spouses is Ségolène Royal

  • Who is François Hollande childrens?

    François Hollande's childrens is Clémence Hollande, Flora Hollande, Julien Hollande, Thomas Hollande

  • What was François Hollande universities?

    François Hollande studied at HEC Paris, Sciences Po, 1980 - École nationale d'administration

  • What is François Hollande's religion?

    François Hollande's religion is Agnosticism

  • How tall is François Hollande?

    François Hollande's height is 170

  • Who is François Hollande's father?

    François Hollande's father is Georges Gustave Hollande

  • Who is François Hollande's mother?

    François Hollande's mother is Nicole Frédérique Marguerite Tribert

  • What is François Hollande's sun sign?

    François Hollande is Leo

  • How famous is François Hollande?

    François Hollande is famouse as President of France