Fatima Jinnah - Sister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Timeline and Family

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Fatima Jinnah's Personal Details

Fatima Ali Jinnah was a famous Pakistani politician and activist and sister of Mohammed Ali Jinnah

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 31, 1893
Died onJuly 8, 1967
NationalityPakistani
FamousPakistani Women, Sister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Leaders, Political Leaders
HobbiesPlaying chess
SiblingsMuhammad Ali Jinnah
Universities
  • University of Calcutta
Birth PlaceKarachi
Political IdeologyAll-India Muslim League (Before 1947), Muslim League (1947–1958), Independent (1960–1967)
ReligionShia Islam, Islam, Isma'ilism
GenderFemale
FatherPoonja Jinnah
MotherMithibai Jinnah
Sun SignLeo
Born inKarachi
Famous asSister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Died at Age73

// Famous Pakistani Women

Fatima Jinnah's photo

Who is Fatima Jinnah?

Fatima Ali Jinnah is generally regarded as the 'Mother of Pakistan'. Born to a large family in what was then a colonial territory, Fatima grew up with very strong-minded men. After her father died, she was enrolled in a disciplinarian school where she received high quality education. She later parleyed her knowledge to win a coveted spot at a prestigious university, from where she later graduated with flying colors. Utilizing her education, Fatima became a pioneer by opening one of the first dental clinics operated by a Muslim woman, in her native country of India. Later, as her brother rose to prominence in regional politics, she followed him across the world and then back home again after he successfully founded a new country. Continuing her devotion to his ideals, Fatima continued to engage herself in charitable work after her brother's sudden and untimely death. Finally, in the later years of her life, she rose to political prominence when she challenged a military dictator who had her nation in his iron grip. Although she failed to win the election, she was hailed nationwide as a patriotic hero and an inspiration to millions. After her death, she became a source of universal respect and admiration

// Famous Sister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Childhood & Early Life

Fatima Ali Jinnah was born on 30th July 1893, in Karachi, British India. She was the youngest of seven surviving children: Muhammad Ali, Ahmad Ali, Bunde Ali, Rahmat Ali, Maryam, Fatima and Shireen.

Her mother was named Mithibai and her father was named Jinnahbhai Poonja. When their father died in 1901, her brother Muhammad Ali Jinnah became her legal guardian.

At age 9, Fatima was sent to live in the ‘Bandra Convent’ in Bombay. In 1919, Jinnah enrolled in the ‘University of Calcutta’. Her field of study was dentistry.

Career

In 1923, she graduated from university and opened a dental clinic in Bombay.

In 1929, Jinnah closed her dental clinic to take care of her brother full-time. She was prompted to do this after his wife’s demise.

In 1930, when her brother Muhammed Ali moved to London, she followed. She stayed there four years and perfected her English.

In 1940, she attended a session of the ‘Muslim League’ in Lahore. A year later, she founded the ‘All India Muslim Women Students Federation’ in Delhi.

In 1947, when India became independent from Britain, Fatima became much more politically active. She formed the ‘Women's Relief Committee’.

At the same time, her brother and guardian, Muhammed Ali Jinnah founded the nation of Pakistan. She attended most of his public rallies and speeches.

In 1948, she toured refugee camps in Kashmir. Afterwards, she pushed her brother to accept more immigrants into the country.

After her brother's death on September 11, 1948, she continued her work with charitable organizations.

In 1949, she organized a festival as part of world health day. She did this to promote better prenatal and newborn health in her country.

In 1955, Jinnah helped organize a committee to help victims of a flood in East Pakistan. Two years later, he helped raise funds to build a number of hospitals and clinic to treat victims of tuberculosis.

In 1960, she was elected as a member of parliament. Fatima ran as an independent candidate. She held the position for seven years.

In 1962, the constitution was amended. Democratic elections for president were scheduled for three years hence.

In 1965, Jinnah ran for President of Pakistan. She was the candidate for a group of opposition parties. She narrowly lost the election to Ayub Khan. Because the voting tallies for Jinnah and Khan had been so close, Jinnah's campaign called for a recount of the votes. Khan ultimately remained president.

In 1967, Jinnah gave a historical speech to the nation. She warned that 'cowards die many deaths, the valiant never taste death but once', a sharp jab at the ruling president.

On July 9, 1967, Jinnah died after a brief illness.

Major Works

Fatima Jinnah is widely considered as the spiritual role model for women in her native Pakistan. She dedicated her entire life to the service of poor and weak. She used her education and position to create awareness regarding women and prenatal health among other social issues.

Personal Life & Legacy

Fatima never married and spent the majority of her life caring for her brother. Because of her fame for being such a devout sister, she is known today as the 'Mother of Pakistan'. In 1986, Jinnah's biography of her brother, 'My Brother', was published posthumously.

There are four schools of higher learning in Pakistan named after Jinnah, including a dental college. There is also a park named after her in Islamabad, where houses her tomb.

Trivia

There are several conspiracy theories about how Fatima Jinnah died. Close to a million people attended Jinnah's funeral.

Some people accused Fatima of being overprotective of her brother. Other sources say that she was 'beastly' and 'bickered constantly' with her brother.

// Famous Political Leaders

Fatima Jinnah biography timelines

  • // 30th Jul 1893
    Fatima Ali Jinnah was born on 30th July 1893, in Karachi, British India. She was the youngest of seven surviving children: Muhammad Ali, Ahmad Ali, Bunde Ali, Rahmat Ali, Maryam, Fatima and Shireen.
  • // 1901
    Her mother was named Mithibai and her father was named Jinnahbhai Poonja. When their father died in 1901, her brother Muhammad Ali Jinnah became her legal guardian.
  • // 1919
    At age 9, Fatima was sent to live in the ‘Bandra Convent’ in Bombay. In 1919, Jinnah enrolled in the ‘University of Calcutta’. Her field of study was dentistry.
  • // 1923
    In 1923, she graduated from university and opened a dental clinic in Bombay.
  • // 1929
    In 1929, Jinnah closed her dental clinic to take care of her brother full-time. She was prompted to do this after his wife’s demise.
  • // 1930
    In 1930, when her brother Muhammed Ali moved to London, she followed. She stayed there four years and perfected her English.
  • // 1940
    In 1940, she attended a session of the ‘Muslim League’ in Lahore. A year later, she founded the ‘All India Muslim Women Students Federation’ in Delhi.
  • // 1947
    In 1947, when India became independent from Britain, Fatima became much more politically active. She formed the ‘Women's Relief Committee’.
  • // 1948
    In 1948, she toured refugee camps in Kashmir. Afterwards, she pushed her brother to accept more immigrants into the country.
  • // 11th Sep 1948
    After her brother's death on September 11, 1948, she continued her work with charitable organizations.
  • // 1949
    In 1949, she organized a festival as part of world health day. She did this to promote better prenatal and newborn health in her country.
  • // 1955
    In 1955, Jinnah helped organize a committee to help victims of a flood in East Pakistan. Two years later, he helped raise funds to build a number of hospitals and clinic to treat victims of tuberculosis.
  • // 1960
    In 1960, she was elected as a member of parliament. Fatima ran as an independent candidate. She held the position for seven years.
  • // 1962
    In 1962, the constitution was amended. Democratic elections for president were scheduled for three years hence.
  • // 1965
    In 1965, Jinnah ran for President of Pakistan. She was the candidate for a group of opposition parties. She narrowly lost the election to Ayub Khan. Because the voting tallies for Jinnah and Khan had been so close, Jinnah's campaign called for a recount of the votes. Khan ultimately remained president.
  • // 1967
    In 1967, Jinnah gave a historical speech to the nation. She warned that 'cowards die many deaths, the valiant never taste death but once', a sharp jab at the ruling president.
  • // 9th Jul 1967
    On July 9, 1967, Jinnah died after a brief illness.
  • // 1986
    Fatima never married and spent the majority of her life caring for her brother. Because of her fame for being such a devout sister, she is known today as the 'Mother of Pakistan'. In 1986, Jinnah's biography of her brother, 'My Brother', was published posthumously.

// Famous Leaders

Fatima Jinnah's FAQ

  • What is Fatima Jinnah birthday?

    Fatima Jinnah was born at 1893-07-31

  • When was Fatima Jinnah died?

    Fatima Jinnah was died at 1967-07-08

  • Where was Fatima Jinnah died?

    Fatima Jinnah was died in Karachi

  • Which age was Fatima Jinnah died?

    Fatima Jinnah was died at age 73

  • Where is Fatima Jinnah's birth place?

    Fatima Jinnah was born in Karachi

  • What is Fatima Jinnah nationalities?

    Fatima Jinnah's nationalities is Pakistani

  • What is Fatima Jinnah hobbies?

    Fatima Jinnah's hobbies is Playing chess

  • Who is Fatima Jinnah siblings?

    Fatima Jinnah's siblings is Muhammad Ali Jinnah

  • What was Fatima Jinnah universities?

    Fatima Jinnah studied at University of Calcutta

  • What is Fatima Jinnah's political ideology?

    Fatima Jinnah's political ideology is All-India Muslim League (Before 1947), Muslim League (1947–1958), Independent (1960–1967)

  • What is Fatima Jinnah's religion?

    Fatima Jinnah's religion is Shia Islam, Islam, Isma'ilism

  • Who is Fatima Jinnah's father?

    Fatima Jinnah's father is Poonja Jinnah

  • Who is Fatima Jinnah's mother?

    Fatima Jinnah's mother is Mithibai Jinnah

  • What is Fatima Jinnah's sun sign?

    Fatima Jinnah is Leo

  • How famous is Fatima Jinnah?

    Fatima Jinnah is famouse as Sister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah