John Marshall

John Marshall - Former Chief Justice, Birthday and Family

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John Marshall's Personal Details

John Marshall was an American lawyer and served as the fourth Chief Justice of the U.S

InformationDetail
BirthdaySeptember 24, 1755
Died onJuly 6, 1835
NationalityAmerican
FamousLawyers & Judges, Former Chief Justice
SpousesMary Willis Ambler
ChildrensCharles, Edward, Jacquelin, James, John, Mary, Thomas
Universities
  • College of William and Mary
Birth PlaceGermantown
Political IdeologyFederalist
ReligionEpiscopalian
GenderMale
FatherThomas Marshall
MotherMary Isham Keith
Sun SignLibra
Born inGermantown
Famous asFormer Chief Justice
Died at Age79

John Marshall's photo

Who is John Marshall?

John Marshall is the legendary figure who played a crucial role in shaping the American Constitutional law. He was responsible for making the Supreme Court of the United States an important institution along with legislature and executive. He was the leader of the Federalist Party in Virginia and also served in the United States House of Representatives. He is one of the longest serving Chief Justices and the fourth longest-serving justice in the history of the US Supreme Court. As a lawyer, he was well-versed in the subject and played a dominant role as a judge for over a period of three decades. He is credited with elevating the position of the American judicial system and making it an independent body. He stressed on the importance of Federal Laws over State Laws. One of the greatest admirers of George Washington, Marshall also served in the American military during the American Revolutionary War. As an immensely loyal Federalist, Marshall saw the Constitution as an instrument of national unity and federal power. He served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court during the administrations of six Presidents - John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson.

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Childhood & Early Life

John Marshall was born in Germantown, Virginia, to Thomas Marshall, soldier and politician and Mary Randolph Keith. He was the eldest of eight sisters and six brothers.

He was mostly home-schooled by his father and later attended the Campbell Academy for a period of one year.

During his teenage years, he was completely enamoured by George Washington, whose influence also inspired him to join the military during the American Revolutionary War.

From 1775 to 1776, he served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War as a Lieutenant in the ‘Culpeper Minutemen’ and later served as a Lieutenant and then as a Captain in the Eleventh Virginia Continental Regiment.

After his military service, he studied law under Chancellor George Wythe in Williamsburg, Virginia, at the College of William and Mary.

In 1780, he was officially admitted to the bar and owned private practice in Fauquier County, before entering politics.

Career

From 1782 to 1789, he served in the Virginia House of Delegates after which he was elected again and served there for the second term. He was also elected to serve on the Council of State in The Virginia General Assembly.

In 1788, as a delegate at the Virginia Convention, he was assigned the task to ratify or reject pointers in the United States Constitution - he led the fight for ratification.

In 1786, he successfully represented the heirs of Lord Fairfax in ‘Hite v. Fairfax’, which was an important case involving a large tract of land. He was also involved in the ‘Ware v. Hylton’ case.

In 1799, he served at the U.S. House of Representatives for a brief period after being appointed the secretary of state under President, John Adams.

The appointment of John Marshall as the chief justice was confirmed by the Senate on January 27, 1801, and he received his commission on January 31, 1801.

In 1803, he presided over the landmark ‘Marbury v. Madison’ case, which established the basis of judicial review.

In 1807, he presided over ‘the Burr trial’ of former Vice president Aaron Burr who was charged with ‘treason’ and ‘high misdemeanour’. The jury acquitted the defendant, Burr in the case.

In 1819, he presided over the ‘McCulloch v. Maryland’ case, which was one of his most notable cases, after which Maryland was not permitted to charge tax.

In 1821, he presided over the ‘Cohens v. Virginia’ case. This case played a major role in establishing parameters in case of conflicting local and state laws.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1782, he married Mary Willis Ambler and the couple had ten children together. Two of their children died before they reached adulthood.

He spent most part of his life in his home in Richmond, Virginia that he constructed in 1790.

He was operated for the removal of bladder stones at the age of 76.

In 1831, his wife passed away and thereafter he suffered from several health problems and his mental situation also deteriorated.

He died at the age of 79, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he had travelled to take medical treatment. He was laid to rest at the Shockoe Hill Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia.

In 1899, The John Marshall Law School was set up in Chicago in his honour. The law school is accredited by the American Bar Association. On September 24, 1955, the United States Postal Service issued a postage stamp in his honour.

Trivia

This American lawyer and Chief Justice enjoyed running races while he served in the American military and was nicknamed ‘silver heels’ because his mother had sewn white heels into his stockings.

This Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court was a great admirer of George Washington and wrote a biography of his revered role model.

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John Marshall biography timelines

  • // 24th Sep 1755
    John Marshall was born in Germantown, Virginia, to Thomas Marshall, soldier and politician and Mary Randolph Keith. He was the eldest of eight sisters and six brothers.
  • // 1775 To 1776
    From 1775 to 1776, he served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War as a Lieutenant in the ‘Culpeper Minutemen’ and later served as a Lieutenant and then as a Captain in the Eleventh Virginia Continental Regiment.
  • // 1780
    In 1780, he was officially admitted to the bar and owned private practice in Fauquier County, before entering politics.
  • // 1782 To 1789
    From 1782 to 1789, he served in the Virginia House of Delegates after which he was elected again and served there for the second term. He was also elected to serve on the Council of State in The Virginia General Assembly.
  • // 1782
    In 1782, he married Mary Willis Ambler and the couple had ten children together. Two of their children died before they reached adulthood.
  • // 1786
    In 1786, he successfully represented the heirs of Lord Fairfax in ‘Hite v. Fairfax’, which was an important case involving a large tract of land. He was also involved in the ‘Ware v. Hylton’ case.
  • // 1788
    In 1788, as a delegate at the Virginia Convention, he was assigned the task to ratify or reject pointers in the United States Constitution - he led the fight for ratification.
  • // 1790
    He spent most part of his life in his home in Richmond, Virginia that he constructed in 1790.
  • // 1799
    In 1799, he served at the U.S. House of Representatives for a brief period after being appointed the secretary of state under President, John Adams.
  • // 31st Jan 1801
    The appointment of John Marshall as the chief justice was confirmed by the Senate on January 27, 1801, and he received his commission on January 31, 1801.
  • // 1803
    In 1803, he presided over the landmark ‘Marbury v. Madison’ case, which established the basis of judicial review.
  • // 1807
    In 1807, he presided over ‘the Burr trial’ of former Vice president Aaron Burr who was charged with ‘treason’ and ‘high misdemeanour’. The jury acquitted the defendant, Burr in the case.
  • // 1819
    In 1819, he presided over the ‘McCulloch v. Maryland’ case, which was one of his most notable cases, after which Maryland was not permitted to charge tax.
  • // 1821
    In 1821, he presided over the ‘Cohens v. Virginia’ case. This case played a major role in establishing parameters in case of conflicting local and state laws.
  • // 1831
    In 1831, his wife passed away and thereafter he suffered from several health problems and his mental situation also deteriorated.
  • // 6th Jul 1835
    He died at the age of 79, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he had travelled to take medical treatment. He was laid to rest at the Shockoe Hill Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia.
  • // 1899 To 24th Sep 1955
    In 1899, The John Marshall Law School was set up in Chicago in his honour. The law school is accredited by the American Bar Association. On September 24, 1955, the United States Postal Service issued a postage stamp in his honour.

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John Marshall's FAQ

  • What is John Marshall birthday?

    John Marshall was born at 1755-09-24

  • When was John Marshall died?

    John Marshall was died at 1835-07-06

  • Where was John Marshall died?

    John Marshall was died in Philadelphia

  • Which age was John Marshall died?

    John Marshall was died at age 79

  • Where is John Marshall's birth place?

    John Marshall was born in Germantown

  • What is John Marshall nationalities?

    John Marshall's nationalities is American

  • Who is John Marshall spouses?

    John Marshall's spouses is Mary Willis Ambler

  • Who is John Marshall childrens?

    John Marshall's childrens is Charles, Edward, Jacquelin, James, John, Mary, Thomas

  • What was John Marshall universities?

    John Marshall studied at College of William and Mary

  • What is John Marshall's political ideology?

    John Marshall's political ideology is Federalist

  • What is John Marshall's religion?

    John Marshall's religion is Episcopalian

  • Who is John Marshall's father?

    John Marshall's father is Thomas Marshall

  • Who is John Marshall's mother?

    John Marshall's mother is Mary Isham Keith

  • What is John Marshall's sun sign?

    John Marshall is Libra

  • How famous is John Marshall?

    John Marshall is famouse as Former Chief Justice