Ernest Hemingway - ESTP, Family and Family

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Ernest Hemingway's Personal Details

Ernest Hemingway was a Nobel Prize-winning American writer

InformationDetail
BirthdayJuly 21, 1899
Died onJuly 2, 1961
NationalityAmerican
FamousWriters, Novelists, Short Story Writers, ESTP
HobbiesCamping in the woods and lakes of Northern Michigan, Camping, Hunting, Fishing
City/StateIllinois
Nick namesPapa, Hemmy, Wax Puppy, Tiny, Hem, Ernie, Tatie, Wemedge, Ernestoic, Champ
SpousesMartha Gellhorn, Pauline Pfeiffer
SiblingsCarol Hemingway, Leicester Hemingway, Marcelline Hemingway Sanford, Ursula Hemingway
Childrens Gregory Hemingway, Jack Hemingway, Patrick Hemingway
Universities
  • 1917 - Oak Park and River Forest High School
Cause of deathSuicide
Birth PlaceOak Park
ReligionCatholicism, Atheism
GenderMale
FatherClarence Edmonds Hemingway
MotherGrace Hall-Hemingway
Sun SignCancer
Born inOak Park
Famous asWriter
Died at Age61

// Famous Novelists

Ernest Hemingway's photo

Who is Ernest Hemingway?

Ernest Hemingway was a Nobel Prize-winning American writer who touched the pinnacles of fame with his novel ‘The Old Man and the Sea’ which catapulted him to international glory. Over the course of his writing career, he published seven novels, six short story collections, and two non-fiction works which greatly influenced later generations of writers. A highly acclaimed writer, most of his works are considered classics of American literature. Born as the first son to well-educated and well-respected parents in Illinois, he had a comfortable childhood during which he developed a keen interest in reading and writing. As a school student he excelled in English and was a regular contributor to his school newspaper, ‘Trapeze and Tabula’. An athletic boy, he also took part in boxing, track and field, water polo, and football. He decided early on that he wanted a career in writing and started off as a journalist before becoming a writer of short-stories and novels. He went on to serve in World War I as an ambulance driver in the Italian Army before returning to America and establishing himself as a distinguished fiction writer. In spite of all his professional successes as a writer, Hemingway’s personal life was a constant struggle with numerous broken marriages and bouts of depression. Deeply troubled by his personal sufferings, he committed suicide in 1961.

// Famous Writers

Childhood & Early Life

Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois. His father, Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, was a physician, and his mother, Grace Hall-Hemingway, was a musician. Both his parents were greatly respected in their conservative community.

He had an interesting childhood as his father taught him to hunt, fish, and camp in the woods and lakes of Northern Michigan. His mother’s insistence that he receive music lessons however irritated the young boy.

He attended the Oak Park and River Forest High School from 1913 to 1917. He excelled in English and actively contributed for his school newspaper, ‘Trapeze and Tabula’. He also participated in a variety of sports like boxing, track and field, water polo, and football.

Major Works

His novel ‘A Farewell to Arms’, set during the Italian campaign of World War I, is considered to be one of his first major critically acclaimed success. The book which revolves around a love affair between the expatriate American Henry and Catherine Barkley against the backdrop of the World War I became his first best-seller.

’For Whom the Bell Tolls’ is another one of his best known works. The novel tells the story of a young American who is attached to a republican guerrilla unit during the Spanish Civil War. Death is a primary theme of the novel.

His novel, ‘The Old Man and the Sea’ was the last major work of fiction to be produced by Hemingway and published in his lifetime. It is also one of his most famous works. The story revolves around an aging fisherman who manages to catch a huge fish but is unable to enjoy his success as his catch is eaten up by the sharks.

Awards & Achievements

Ernest Hemingway was awarded a Bronze Star for his bravery during World War II in 1947.

He won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1953 for the novel ‘The Old Man and the Sea’.

In 1954, Hemingway was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature for "his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in ‘The Old Man and the Sea’, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style”.

Personal Life & Legacy

Ernest Hemingway was married four times. His first wife was Elizabeth Hadley Richardson who he wed in 1921. The couple had one son. Hemingway became involved in an affair with Pauline Pfeiffer during this marriage. When his wife came to learn of it, she divorced him.

He married Pauline Pfeiffer in 1927 soon after his divorce. They had two sons. Hemingway was not faithful to Pauline either and developed a relationship with Martha Gellhorn which led to his divorce from Pauline in 1940.

Shortly after his second divorce, he tied the knot for the third time with Martha Gellhorn. A successful journalist in her own right, she resented being referred to as Hemingway’s wife. Over the course of this marriage, she started an affair with U.S. paratrooper Major General James M. Gavin, and divorced Hemingway in 1945.

His fourth and final marriage was to Mary Welsh in 1946. The couple remained married till Hemingway’s death.

Ernest Hemingway’s final years were marked by ill health and depression. He was treated for numerous conditions such as high blood pressure and liver disease, and also struggled with deteriorating mental health. He became increasingly suicidal in 1961 and shot himself to death on the morning of July 2, 1961.

Career

After leaving high school he joined ‘The Kansas City Star’ as a cub reporter. He worked there for only six months but learned several valuable lessons that would help him in developing his own unique style of writing.

When the World War I broke out, he enlisted as an ambulance driver for the American Red Cross. He was grievously injured while serving on the Austro-Italian front and assisted others to safety despite his own wounds. He was decorated with the Italian Silver Medal of Bravery.

He returned home in 1919 and accepted a job in Toronto, working as a freelancer, staff writer, and foreign correspondent for the ‘Toronto Star Weekly’. He continued writing stories for the publication even after moving to Chicago in September 1920.

In 1921, Hemingway was hired as foreign correspondent for the ‘Toronto Star’ and moved to Paris. It was in Paris that he embarked on a full-fledged career as a writer and wrote 88 stories within a span of 20 months! He covered the Greco-Turkish War and wrote travel pieces, and published his first book ‘Three Stories and Ten Poems’ in 1923.

He wrote prolifically over the next few years, publishing several novels, short-stories, and contributing to various journalistic publications. In 1929, his novel ‘A Farewell to Arms’ was published. The book became very popular, cementing his reputation as a writer of engaging fiction.

He continued writing prolifically throughout the 1930s, bringing out novels such as ‘Death in the Afternoon’ (1932), ‘The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber’ (1935), and ‘To Have and Have Not’ (1937). He also engaged in a lot of adventure including big-game hunting in Africa, bullfighting in Spain, and deep-sea fishing in Florida.

The 1940s were also very eventful for him. He began the decade with the publication of one of his most famous works, ‘For Whom the Bell Tolls’ in 1940. The World War II was going on at that time and when the U.S. entered the war in 1941, Ernest Hemingway served as a correspondent. In this position he witnessed several moments of historical importance, including the D-Day landing.

He published the novel ‘The Old Man and the Sea’ in 1951 which played a major role in winning him the Nobel Prize for literature. The 1950s were however a very difficult period for him as he suffered from acute depression and other health problems. He died in 1961.

// Famous Short Story Writers

Ernest Hemingway awards

YearNameAward

Other

1954 - Nobel Prize in Literature
1953 - Pulitzer Prize for Fiction - Az oreg halasz es a tenger
1947 - Bronze Star Medal

Ernest Hemingway biography timelines

  • // 21st Jul 1899
    Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois. His father, Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, was a physician, and his mother, Grace Hall-Hemingway, was a musician. Both his parents were greatly respected in their conservative community.
  • // 1913 To 1917
    He attended the Oak Park and River Forest High School from 1913 to 1917. He excelled in English and actively contributed for his school newspaper, ‘Trapeze and Tabula’. He also participated in a variety of sports like boxing, track and field, water polo, and football.
  • // 1919 To Sep 1920
    He returned home in 1919 and accepted a job in Toronto, working as a freelancer, staff writer, and foreign correspondent for the ‘Toronto Star Weekly’. He continued writing stories for the publication even after moving to Chicago in September 1920.
  • // 1921 To 1923
    In 1921, Hemingway was hired as foreign correspondent for the ‘Toronto Star’ and moved to Paris. It was in Paris that he embarked on a full-fledged career as a writer and wrote 88 stories within a span of 20 months! He covered the Greco-Turkish War and wrote travel pieces, and published his first book ‘Three Stories and Ten Poems’ in 1923.
  • // 1921
    Ernest Hemingway was married four times. His first wife was Elizabeth Hadley Richardson who he wed in 1921. The couple had one son. Hemingway became involved in an affair with Pauline Pfeiffer during this marriage. When his wife came to learn of it, she divorced him.
  • // 1927 To 1940
    He married Pauline Pfeiffer in 1927 soon after his divorce. They had two sons. Hemingway was not faithful to Pauline either and developed a relationship with Martha Gellhorn which led to his divorce from Pauline in 1940.
  • // 1929
    He wrote prolifically over the next few years, publishing several novels, short-stories, and contributing to various journalistic publications. In 1929, his novel ‘A Farewell to Arms’ was published. The book became very popular, cementing his reputation as a writer of engaging fiction.
  • // 1940 To 1941
    The 1940s were also very eventful for him. He began the decade with the publication of one of his most famous works, ‘For Whom the Bell Tolls’ in 1940. The World War II was going on at that time and when the U.S. entered the war in 1941, Ernest Hemingway served as a correspondent. In this position he witnessed several moments of historical importance, including the D-Day landing.
  • // 1945
    Shortly after his second divorce, he tied the knot for the third time with Martha Gellhorn. A successful journalist in her own right, she resented being referred to as Hemingway’s wife. Over the course of this marriage, she started an affair with U.S. paratrooper Major General James M. Gavin, and divorced Hemingway in 1945.
  • // 1946
    His fourth and final marriage was to Mary Welsh in 1946. The couple remained married till Hemingway’s death.
  • // 1947
    Ernest Hemingway was awarded a Bronze Star for his bravery during World War II in 1947.
  • // 1951 To 1961
    He published the novel ‘The Old Man and the Sea’ in 1951 which played a major role in winning him the Nobel Prize for literature. The 1950s were however a very difficult period for him as he suffered from acute depression and other health problems. He died in 1961.
  • // 1953
    He won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1953 for the novel ‘The Old Man and the Sea’.
  • // 1954
    In 1954, Hemingway was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature for "his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in ‘The Old Man and the Sea’, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style”.
  • // 2nd Jul 1961
    Ernest Hemingway’s final years were marked by ill health and depression. He was treated for numerous conditions such as high blood pressure and liver disease, and also struggled with deteriorating mental health. He became increasingly suicidal in 1961 and shot himself to death on the morning of July 2, 1961.

// Famous people with ESTP

Ernest Hemingway's FAQ

  • What is Ernest Hemingway birthday?

    Ernest Hemingway was born at 1899-07-21

  • When was Ernest Hemingway died?

    Ernest Hemingway was died at 1961-07-02

  • Where was Ernest Hemingway died?

    Ernest Hemingway was died in Ketchum

  • Which age was Ernest Hemingway died?

    Ernest Hemingway was died at age 61

  • Where is Ernest Hemingway's birth place?

    Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park

  • What is Ernest Hemingway nationalities?

    Ernest Hemingway's nationalities is American

  • What is Ernest Hemingway hobbies?

    Ernest Hemingway's hobbies is Camping in the woods and lakes of Northern Michigan,Camping,Hunting,Fishing

  • What is Ernest Hemingway nick names?

    Ernest Hemingway's nickNames is Papa, Hemmy, Wax Puppy, Tiny, Hem, Ernie, Tatie, Wemedge, Ernestoic, Champ

  • Who is Ernest Hemingway spouses?

    Ernest Hemingway's spouses is Martha Gellhorn, Pauline Pfeiffer

  • Who is Ernest Hemingway siblings?

    Ernest Hemingway's siblings is Carol Hemingway, Leicester Hemingway, Marcelline Hemingway Sanford, Ursula Hemingway

  • Who is Ernest Hemingway childrens?

    Ernest Hemingway's childrens is Gregory Hemingway, Jack Hemingway, Patrick Hemingway

  • What was Ernest Hemingway universities?

    Ernest Hemingway studied at 1917 - Oak Park and River Forest High School

  • What is Ernest Hemingway's cause of dead?

    Ernest Hemingway dead because of Suicide

  • What is Ernest Hemingway's religion?

    Ernest Hemingway's religion is Catholicism, Atheism

  • Who is Ernest Hemingway's father?

    Ernest Hemingway's father is Clarence Edmonds Hemingway

  • Who is Ernest Hemingway's mother?

    Ernest Hemingway's mother is Grace Hall-Hemingway

  • What is Ernest Hemingway's sun sign?

    Ernest Hemingway is Cancer

  • How famous is Ernest Hemingway?

    Ernest Hemingway is famouse as Writer