Clara Barton - Humanitarian, Birthday and Childhood

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Clara Barton's Personal Details

Clara Barton was an American nurse, teacher and founder of the American Red Cross

InformationDetail
BirthdayDecember 25, 1821
Died onApril 12, 1912
NationalityAmerican
FamousHumanitarian, Miscellaneous, Nurses
City/StateMassachusetts
SiblingsDavid Barton, Dorothea, Sally Barton Vassall, Stephen
Known asClarissa Harlowe
Universities
  • Liberal Institute
Founder / Co-Founder
  • American Red Cross
Birth PlaceNorth Oxford, Massachusetts, U.S.
ReligionUnitarian
GenderFemale
FatherStephen Barton
MotherSarah Barton
Sun SignCapricorn
Born inNorth Oxford, Massachusetts, U.S.
Famous asNurse
Died at Age90

// Famous Nurses

Clara Barton's photo

Who is Clara Barton?

Affectionately referred to as the ‘Angel of the Battlefield’, Clara Barton is the most respected woman in American history who offered tireless and dedicated services to wounded soldiers at the war front. This legendary war-nurse resigned from her government job during the American Civil war and set out to the dangerous front line of the war at a time when women were not allowed in the battlefields. She risked her own life to bring medical and food supplies to the wounded soldiers and saved the lives of countless soldiers who were injured in war. She founded the American Red Cross at the age of 60 and served as the President of the organization for a period of 23 years. She was one of the first American women to serve as a clerk in the U.S Patent Office and earn a remuneration that was equal to that of a man. She was an ardent woman’s rights activist and was part of the woman’s suffrage movement. She was also an African-American rights activist. The fact that at a time when women rarely ventured out of their home to work, Clara Barton dared to risk her life at the war front bears testimony to her courage and steadfastness.

// Famous Humanitarian

Childhood & Early Life

Clarissa Harlowe Barton was born in Oxford, Massachusetts to Capt. Stephen Barton, a farmer and a selectman, and Sarah Stone.

Since the age of three, she had exceptional reading and spelling skills and attended the Col. Stones High School, but was a very shy kid.

She first found her calling as a nurse at the age of eleven, when she took care of her sick brother David, who miraculously recovered under her care even after doctors had given up.

In 1838, at the age of seventeen, she worked as a teacher in Massachusetts where she showed extraordinary skill in handling troublesome children.

In 1850, she attended the Clinton Liberal Institute in New York, where she studied writing and languages. Following her education, she set up a free school in New Jersey.

Career

In 1855, she shifted to Washington D.C., where she took up the job of a clerk in the US Patent Office. Here, her salary was equal to that of a man, which was uncommon in those days. After a brief period, the issue of appointment of a woman in government office faced strong opposition and hence her position was reduced to that of a copyist and she was later fired in 1856.

In 1861, she was again appointed to the US Patent Office and started serving as a temporary copyist and wished to grant more opportunities for women to work in the government offices.

By 1862, she obtained permission to work at the front lines of the battle field during the American Civil war and distributed first aid supplies to hospitals, camps and treated wounded soldiers on the field.

In 1864, she started serving as ‘lady in-charge’ at the behest of Union General, Benjamin Butler, at the hospitals located at the front of the Army of the James - the regiment that served along the James River, Virginia.

After the conclusion of the American Civil war, she worked at the Office of Missing Soldiers which was located at 437 Seventh Street, Northwest, Washington, D.C. The organisation tracked missing soldiers and reunited them with their families.

She soon started delivering lectures pertaining to her experiences during the war across the country and also became a part of the woman's suffrage movement and an African-American rights activist.

In 1869, she travelled to Europe during the Franco-Prussian War and worked with the International Red Cross, after which she wished to start the organisation in America.

In 1871, following the Siege of Paris, she worked relentlessly and took care of the public distribution of food and medical supplies to the poor and affected victims in Paris.

On May 21, 1881 she founded and became the president of the American branch of the Red Cross, known as the American National Red Cross. The first official meeting of the society was held at her apartment in Washington D.C.

On August 22, 1882, the first local branch of the Red Cross was set up in Dansville, Livingston County, New York, where she owned a country home and also had many social connections.

In 1897, she travelled through sea to Constantinople and established the headquarters of the American International Red Cross in Turkey after obtaining official permission from Abdul Hamid II.

In 1896, she travelled to several parts of Armenia in order to provide the people with essential food supplies, medicine, humanitarian aid and other vital necessities.

In 1900, she tended to the people affected by the Galveston hurricane; this was her last work as the President of the American Red Cross. During this period she also set up a home for orphan children.

In 1904, she stepped down from the post of the President of The American Red Cross, after which she established the National First Aid Society.

Major Works

She founded the American Red Cross, which is a universally recognised humanitarian organisation of great repute. It makes available emergency assistance to victims in the U.S.A and is the 3rd most popular charity/non-profit organization in America.

Personal Life & Legacy

She chose not to marry all her life. However, it is speculated that she was romantically involved with a person named John J. Elwell.

She passed away at the age of 90 in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States.

In the year 1975, her home in Glen Echo was made into a historic site and was named the Clara Barton National Historic Site, the first National Historic Site dedicated to a woman.

Trivia

This great American nurse and educator was so shy and timid in school that she had only one friend and was often so depressed that she would not eat in school.

// Famous Miscellaneous

Clara Barton biography timelines

  • // 25th Dec 1821
    Clarissa Harlowe Barton was born in Oxford, Massachusetts to Capt. Stephen Barton, a farmer and a selectman, and Sarah Stone.
  • // 1838
    In 1838, at the age of seventeen, she worked as a teacher in Massachusetts where she showed extraordinary skill in handling troublesome children.
  • // 1850
    In 1850, she attended the Clinton Liberal Institute in New York, where she studied writing and languages. Following her education, she set up a free school in New Jersey.
  • // 1855 To 1856
    In 1855, she shifted to Washington D.C., where she took up the job of a clerk in the US Patent Office. Here, her salary was equal to that of a man, which was uncommon in those days. After a brief period, the issue of appointment of a woman in government office faced strong opposition and hence her position was reduced to that of a copyist and she was later fired in 1856.
  • // 1861
    In 1861, she was again appointed to the US Patent Office and started serving as a temporary copyist and wished to grant more opportunities for women to work in the government offices.
  • // 1862
    By 1862, she obtained permission to work at the front lines of the battle field during the American Civil war and distributed first aid supplies to hospitals, camps and treated wounded soldiers on the field.
  • // 1864
    In 1864, she started serving as ‘lady in-charge’ at the behest of Union General, Benjamin Butler, at the hospitals located at the front of the Army of the James - the regiment that served along the James River, Virginia.
  • // 1869
    In 1869, she travelled to Europe during the Franco-Prussian War and worked with the International Red Cross, after which she wished to start the organisation in America.
  • // 1871
    In 1871, following the Siege of Paris, she worked relentlessly and took care of the public distribution of food and medical supplies to the poor and affected victims in Paris.
  • // 2nd May 1881
    On May 21, 1881 she founded and became the president of the American branch of the Red Cross, known as the American National Red Cross. The first official meeting of the society was held at her apartment in Washington D.C.
  • // 20th Aug 1882
    On August 22, 1882, the first local branch of the Red Cross was set up in Dansville, Livingston County, New York, where she owned a country home and also had many social connections.
  • // 1896
    In 1896, she travelled to several parts of Armenia in order to provide the people with essential food supplies, medicine, humanitarian aid and other vital necessities.
  • // 1897
    In 1897, she travelled through sea to Constantinople and established the headquarters of the American International Red Cross in Turkey after obtaining official permission from Abdul Hamid II.
  • // 1900
    In 1900, she tended to the people affected by the Galveston hurricane; this was her last work as the President of the American Red Cross. During this period she also set up a home for orphan children.
  • // 1904
    In 1904, she stepped down from the post of the President of The American Red Cross, after which she established the National First Aid Society.
  • // 12th Apr 1912
    She passed away at the age of 90 in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States.
  • // 1975
    In the year 1975, her home in Glen Echo was made into a historic site and was named the Clara Barton National Historic Site, the first National Historic Site dedicated to a woman.

// Famous People From Massachusetts

Clara Barton's FAQ

  • What is Clara Barton birthday?

    Clara Barton was born at 1821-12-25

  • When was Clara Barton died?

    Clara Barton was died at 1912-04-12

  • Where was Clara Barton died?

    Clara Barton was died in Glen Echo

  • Which age was Clara Barton died?

    Clara Barton was died at age 90

  • Where is Clara Barton's birth place?

    Clara Barton was born in North Oxford, Massachusetts, U.S.

  • What is Clara Barton nationalities?

    Clara Barton's nationalities is American

  • Who is Clara Barton siblings?

    Clara Barton's siblings is David Barton, Dorothea, Sally Barton Vassall, Stephen

  • What was Clara Barton universities?

    Clara Barton studied at Liberal Institute

  • Which company or organization was founded by Clara Barton?

    Clara Barton was the founder/co-founder of American Red Cross

  • What is Clara Barton's religion?

    Clara Barton's religion is Unitarian

  • Who is Clara Barton's father?

    Clara Barton's father is Stephen Barton

  • Who is Clara Barton's mother?

    Clara Barton's mother is Sarah Barton

  • What is Clara Barton's sun sign?

    Clara Barton is Capricorn

  • How famous is Clara Barton?

    Clara Barton is famouse as Nurse