Christopher Columbus - Explorers, Birthday and Childhood

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Christopher Columbus's Personal Details

Christopher Columbus was an explorer, navigator and colonizer who initiated the Spanish colonization of the New World

InformationDetail
BirthdayOctober 31, 1451
Died onMay 20, 1506
NationalityItalian
FamousPoorly Educated, Miscellaneous, Explorers
SpousesFilipa Moniz Perestrelo (m. 1479–1484)
SiblingsBartolomeo, Bianchinetta, Giacomo, Giovanni, Pellegrino
Childrens Diego Columbus, Ferdinand Columbus
Birth PlaceGenoa, Republic of Genoa
ReligionRoman Catholic
GenderMale
FatherDomenico Colombo
MotherSusanna Fontanarossa
Sun SignScorpio
Born inGenoa, Republic of Genoa
Died at Age54

// Famous Miscellaneous

Christopher Columbus's photo

Who is Christopher Columbus?

There are many explorers who have redefined history, however, there are few who have influenced the very establishment of certain countries. Christopher Columbus is one such historical figure who changed the perception of the American continents for the European countries. Through his four significant voyages he not only discovered new land masses, but also initiated Spanish colonization and the establishment of several new societies. After a lot of struggle to get the support of the Spanish and Portuguese governments, he finally succeeded in getting a grant which funded his travels. He set out to discover Asia for its spices and condiments. However, he ended up discovering Hispaniola. Even though he was not the first to discover America, he did open the gateway between Europe and America and paved the way for the exploration and conquest of America by the Europeans. A strained relationship with the Spanish crown, worked to his disadvantage and he was divested of the Governorship of the island of Hispaniola which he discovered himself. His life was a historical journey, which reflected his adventurous and righteous personality, and earned him a permanent place in the annals of explorations. To learn more interesting information pertaining to this great explorer’s personal life and achievements, continue reading his biography.

// Famous Explorers

Childhood & Early Life:

Christopher Columbus was born in a middle-class family in Genoa which is now a part of Italy. His father, Domenico Colombo was a wool weaver and his mother was Susanna Fontanarossa. He had three brothers named Bartolomeo, Giovanni Pellegrino and Giacomo and a sister, Bianchinetta.

In 1473, he took a job as an apprentice and was a business agent for some families in Genoa. During this time, he also visited Chios which was Genoese colony.

Later Life

During the 1470s, Columbus toured several places for trading, such as, Northern Europe and England. According to certain historical accounts, he also spent some time in Iceland.

In 1479, he met his brother Bartolomeo in Lisbon. He got married and settled there until his wife died in 1485. After the death of his wife, Columbus and his son moved to Spain. Here he made an effort to win a grant which would allow him to explore the western trade routes.

For a long time, he pursued the Portuguese and Spanish kings but they did not support his plans. Eventually, his plans were considered by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. He now set on to explore Asia promising to bring back condiments from China.

On August 3, 1492, Columbus embarked on his first voyage and set sail with three ships called the Pinta, Nina, and Santa Maria. He was also accompanied by 104 men. The first stop was at Canary Islands to pick up supplies and then he set out sailing across the Atlantic.

After five weeks of travel, many men died due to diseases and hunger. On October 14, 1492, a land was sighted by Rodrigo de Triana in the present day Bahamas. Columbus named this land San Salvador thinking it was Asian land.

As Columbus decided to continue sailing in search of China, he ended up reaching Cuba and Hispaniola. In November 1492, the crew on the ship Pinta was left to explore on its own.

In December 1492, Columbus’ ship Santa Maria crashed and wrecked off the coast of Hispaniola. The next year, in March, Columbus reached Spain completing his first voyage.

In September 1493, Columbus set on his second voyage with 17 ships and almost 1200 men. This time, he set sail towards the west aiming to establish colonies for Spain and search for land in the far East.

In November, the same year, his crew saw land and discovered the Dominica, Guadeloupe and Jamaica islands. He then went on to Hispaniola to check on his crew at the Fort of Navidad.

The site of the fort was destroyed and after a battle in 1495, Columbus named this the colony of Santo Domingo and conquered the island of Hispaniola. In March, the next year, he set sail back to Spain and reached Cadiz after five months.

In May 1498, he started his third trip and left Spain with six ships heading towards Hispaniola. In July, the same year, he landed on the island of Trinidad. Next month, he explored the Gulf of Paria and finally touched South America.

In August that year, he returned back to Spain in bad health and found himself in the middle of Political turmoil.

He embarked on his fourth voyage in May 1502 and reached Hispaniola. He set sail again the same year, and discovered Central America. The next year, he reached Panama and even found a small amount of gold there. However, he was forced out of the area by the local people.

After facing a lot of problems with the ship and the crew, Columbus sailed back to Spain in 1504. After arriving there, he went on to settle in Seville with his son.

Major Works

Columbus’s voyages created general awareness in the Americas for the European nations. His major accomplishment was the discovery of Hispaniola where he also helped establish permanent settlements. This led to the beginning of Spanish colonization in the New World.

With the help of his son and brother, Columbus wrote two books. He wrote his first book titled ‘Book of Privileges’ in 1502. The book gave details of the rewards which he was entitled to from the Spanish Crown.

He wrote his second book titled ‘Book of Prophecies’ in 1505. In this book he used the passages from the Bible to fit his achievements as an explorer in the Christian context.

Personal Life & Legacy

Columbus married Filipa Moniz Perestrelo, who was the daughter of Bartolomeu Perestrello, the governor of the Porto Santo, in 1479 or 1480. The couple had a son, Diego Columbus. There are reports that Filipa died in 1485 but the death is not confirmed; however, Columbus did move on from his first wife to a mistress named Beatriz Enr�quez de Arana in 1487.

Columbus died due to illness at the age of 54 in Valladolid, Crown of Castile which today lies in Spain.

In his honour, Columbus Day is celebrated in the Americas every year on the second Monday in the month of October.

// Famous Poorly Educated

Christopher Columbus biography timelines

  • // 31st Oct 1451
    Christopher Columbus was born in a middle-class family in Genoa which is now a part of Italy. His father, Domenico Colombo was a wool weaver and his mother was Susanna Fontanarossa. He had three brothers named Bartolomeo, Giovanni Pellegrino and Giacomo and a sister, Bianchinetta.
  • // 1473
    In 1473, he took a job as an apprentice and was a business agent for some families in Genoa. During this time, he also visited Chios which was Genoese colony.
  • // 1479
    In 1479, he met his brother Bartolomeo in Lisbon. He got married and settled there until his wife died in 1485. After the death of his wife, Columbus and his son moved to Spain. Here he made an effort to win a grant which would allow him to explore the western trade routes.
  • // Aug 1492
    On August 3, 1492, Columbus embarked on his first voyage and set sail with three ships called the Pinta, Nina, and Santa Maria. He was also accompanied by 104 men. The first stop was at Canary Islands to pick up supplies and then he set out sailing across the Atlantic.
  • // Oct 1492
    After five weeks of travel, many men died due to diseases and hunger. On October 14, 1492, a land was sighted by Rodrigo de Triana in the present day Bahamas. Columbus named this land San Salvador thinking it was Asian land.
  • // Nov 1492
    As Columbus decided to continue sailing in search of China, he ended up reaching Cuba and Hispaniola. In November 1492, the crew on the ship Pinta was left to explore on its own.
  • // Dec 1492
    In December 1492, Columbus’ ship Santa Maria crashed and wrecked off the coast of Hispaniola. The next year, in March, Columbus reached Spain completing his first voyage.
  • // Sep 1493
    In September 1493, Columbus set on his second voyage with 17 ships and almost 1200 men. This time, he set sail towards the west aiming to establish colonies for Spain and search for land in the far East.
  • // Nov 1493
    In November, the same year, his crew saw land and discovered the Dominica, Guadeloupe and Jamaica islands. He then went on to Hispaniola to check on his crew at the Fort of Navidad.
  • // 1495
    The site of the fort was destroyed and after a battle in 1495, Columbus named this the colony of Santo Domingo and conquered the island of Hispaniola. In March, the next year, he set sail back to Spain and reached Cadiz after five months.
  • // May 1498
    In May 1498, he started his third trip and left Spain with six ships heading towards Hispaniola. In July, the same year, he landed on the island of Trinidad. Next month, he explored the Gulf of Paria and finally touched South America.
  • // May 1502
    He embarked on his fourth voyage in May 1502 and reached Hispaniola. He set sail again the same year, and discovered Central America. The next year, he reached Panama and even found a small amount of gold there. However, he was forced out of the area by the local people.
  • // 1504
    After facing a lot of problems with the ship and the crew, Columbus sailed back to Spain in 1504. After arriving there, he went on to settle in Seville with his son.
  • // 20th May 1506
    Columbus died due to illness at the age of 54 in Valladolid, Crown of Castile which today lies in Spain.

// Scorpio Celebrities

Christopher Columbus's FAQ

  • What is Christopher Columbus birthday?

    Christopher Columbus was born at 1451-10-31

  • When was Christopher Columbus died?

    Christopher Columbus was died at 1506-05-20

  • Where was Christopher Columbus died?

    Christopher Columbus was died in Valladolid, Crown of Castile

  • Which age was Christopher Columbus died?

    Christopher Columbus was died at age 54

  • Where is Christopher Columbus's birth place?

    Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Republic of Genoa

  • What is Christopher Columbus nationalities?

    Christopher Columbus's nationalities is Italian

  • Who is Christopher Columbus spouses?

    Christopher Columbus's spouses is Filipa Moniz Perestrelo (m. 1479–1484)

  • Who is Christopher Columbus siblings?

    Christopher Columbus's siblings is Bartolomeo, Bianchinetta, Giacomo, Giovanni, Pellegrino

  • Who is Christopher Columbus childrens?

    Christopher Columbus's childrens is Diego Columbus, Ferdinand Columbus

  • What is Christopher Columbus's religion?

    Christopher Columbus's religion is Roman Catholic

  • Who is Christopher Columbus's father?

    Christopher Columbus's father is Domenico Colombo

  • Who is Christopher Columbus's mother?

    Christopher Columbus's mother is Susanna Fontanarossa

  • What is Christopher Columbus's sun sign?

    Christopher Columbus is Scorpio