@President of the U.s.a, Facts and Life
Rutherford B. Hayes born at
As a young man he began dating Lucy Webb, the daughter of a doctor. The couple eventually married in 1852. Lucy was the first first lady to have graduated from college and was a member of Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority. The couple had a happy marriage that produced eight children.
Lucy died in 1889 and Hayes was grief stricken by the death of his beloved wife. He lived for four more years and died on January 17, 1893.
The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center, a complex comprising several buildings related to the life and presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes, was opened in 1916.
Rutherford Birchard Hayes was born in Delaware, Ohio, on October 4, 1822. His parents were Rutherford Hayes, Jr., a storekeeper, and Sophia Birchard. His father died a few weeks before Rutherford was born. His mother raised him and his sister with the help of relatives.
He received his early education from the Methodist Norwalk Seminary in Norwalk, Ohio, and a preparatory school in Middletown, Connecticut. Then he joined Kenyon College in Gambier from where he graduated with highest honors in 1842.
He decided to become a lawyer and studied at the Harvard Law School. He completed his graduation and was admitted to the bar in 1845.
He moved to Cincinnati in 1850 and over the ensuing years, established a flourishing law practice in partnership with William K. Rogers and Richard M. Corwine.
Initially he dealt primarily with commercial issues, but over a period of time gained a reputation as a criminal defense attorney. Hayes was a staunch abolitionist, and often defended escaped slaves who were accused under the recently enacted Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. During this time he also became associated with the newly created Republican Party.
The American Civil War broke out in 1861, and Hayes enlisted in the army. As an army officer he gained much respect for his bravery as he was wounded five times while fighting. He was ultimately promoted to the rank of major general.
After the war he was elected to the U.S. Congress as a Republican in 1865. After two years he left Congress to run for Governor of Ohio. A popular Congressman and a former army officer, Hayes easily won the gubernatorial election in 1867.
As the Governor, he oversaw the establishment of a school for deaf-mutes and a reform school for girls. He was re-elected in 1869 and in his second term, he campaigned for equal rights for black Ohioans. After his second term ended in 1872, he chose to retire from active politics.In 1875, Rutherford was again nominated as Republican party’s nominee for the Governor of Ohio. He won the election by defeating the Democratic nominee William Allen.