Isaac Albeniz

@Composers, Family and Life

Isaac Albeniz was a great musician who revived Spanish music and composed many works based on Spanish folk music

May 29, 1860

SpanishMusiciansComposersGemini Celebrities

Personal Details

  • Birthday: May 29, 1860
  • Died on: May 18, 1909
  • Nationality: Spanish
  • Famous: Musicians, Composers
  • Spouses: Rosina Jordana
  • Childrens: Alfonso Albéniz, Blanca Albéniz, Enriqueta Albéniz, Laura Albéniz
  • Birth Place: Camprodon

Isaac Albeniz born at


Birth Place

Early Life Albeniz was born to Angel Albenis and Dolors Pascual on May 29, 1860. His father, Angel Albeniz was a customs officer. Albeniz was a child prodigy; his parents realized his musical talents at his early ages and arranged music tuition for him. He gave his first performance at the age of four. He received his music lessons from famous French Pianist Antoine François Marmontel. He passed the entrance examination for piano at Paris Conservatoire at seven but, the authorities denied to enroll him, as they thought he was too young to take up piano lessons there. Young Albeniz, at the age of nine, started giving concerts. His father was very supportive and arranged a musical tour for his son throughout Spain. By age 15, Albeniz travelled many countries, gave many performances and received wide acclamations. After a brief stay at Leipzig Conservatory, the famous German music academy he went to study at Royal Conservatory, Brussels, for which he obtained royal grant due to the kind initiative taken by the Guillermo Morphy, secretary to King Alonso of Brussels. As a thankful gesture, Albeniz dedicated his work to Morphy. Albeniz also dedicated his work, ‘Sevilla’ to Morphy’s wife. Career And SuccessAlbeniz was greatly influenced by his teacher Felip Pedrell, a famous composer. It was due to Pedrell’s inspiration that Albeniz wrote ‘Chants d’Espagne’. Albeniz’s career reached its peak during the period between 1889 and 1892. He toured throughout entire Europe during these years. Albeniz settled in Paris in 1890s. He wrote some musical comedies as well, which turned out to be big successes and caught attention of Francis Money-Coutts, 5th Baron Latymer. Monet-Coutts then provided Albeniz with librettos for Henry Clifford and also for the trilogy of Arthurian Operas.Personal LifeAlbeniz tied knot with his student Rosina Jordana in 1883 and the couple had three children. Blanca, his eldest daughter, died in 1886. His second daughter Laura was a painter and his youngest son Alfonso was passionate about sports and played for Real Madrid in early 1900s. Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón, former mayor of Madrid, and Cécilia Attias, former wife of former French president Nicolas Sarkozy, are great-grandchildren of Albeniz.Later YearsAlbeniz’s health started to deteriorate during 1900s. He suffered from Bright’s disease. After falling sick, he started writing piano music, putting an end to his performances. He composed his last masterpiece, a suite of twelve piano impressions, ‘Iberia’ in 1908. He died on May 18, 1909, aged 48.Legacy Albeniz played an important role in taking Spanish music to great heights. As a token of appreciation, a research center named ‘Fundacion Isaac Albeniz’ was founded to promote Spanish music and to facilitate researches in Spanish music.Major WorksAlbeniz’s adopted Salon style of compositions in his early works. He was greatly influenced by the traditional composition styles followed by famous musicians like Beethoven, Bach, Chopin etc. Some of his famous works are given below:  OperaThe magic opalPepita JiménezLancelot (unfinished: 1st act complete)ZarzuelaCuanto más viejo. Lost music.El canto de salvación. Lost music.La real hembra. PianoTres suites antiguasChants d'Espagne, Op.232Suite española, op. 97. 4 pieces: Zaragoza, Sevilla, Cadix-gaditana, and Zambra granadinaOther WorksCristo, oratorioRapsodia española (Spanish rhapsody), for piano and orchestraCatalonia, symphonic poem

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