George Cantor was an established mathematician who defined the cardinal and the ordinal numbers

@Scientists, Timeline and Childhood

George Cantor was an established mathematician who defined the cardinal and the ordinal numbers

- Birthday: March 3, 1845
- Died on: January 6, 1918
- Nationality: German, Russian
- Famous: Scientists, Mathematicians
- Spouses: Vally Guttmann
- Siblings: Ludwig
- Childrens: Rudolph

Georg Cantor born at

Unsplash

Birth Place

Georg Cantor married Vally Guttmann in 1874. It was a happy marriage and they had six children.

Unsplash

Personal Life

He was prone to bouts of depression and suffered from mental illnesses during the later part of his life. His last years were spent in poverty and he spent the final year of his life in a sanatorium. He died on January 6, 1918.

Unsplash

Personal Life

The Cantor Medal was established by the Deutsche Mathematiker-Vereinigung in honor of Georg Cantor.

Unsplash

Personal Life

Georg Ferdinand Ludwig Philipp Cantor was born on March 3, 1845 in Saint Petersburg, Russia, to Georg Waldemar Cantor and Maria Anna Bohm. His father was a German Protestant and his mother was Russian Roman Catholic. Cantor was brought up as a staunch Protestant and inherited the love for the arts from his parents.

Unsplash

Childhood & Early Life

Cantor had a private tutor from a very young age and attended primary school in St. Petersburg. In 1856, when Cantor was 11 years old, his family moved to Germany, although Cantor was never at ease in this country.

Unsplash

Childhood & Early Life

He proved to be a brilliant student and graduated with distinction from the Realschule in Darmstadt in 1860. He was exceptionally good at mathematics, particularly trigonometry.

Unsplash

Childhood & Early Life

He entered the University of Zürich in 1862. Meanwhile his father died and left him a substantial inheritance. So, the young Cantor shifted to the University of Berlin in 1863 and attended lectures by Leopold Kronecker, Karl Weierstrass and Ernst Kummer. There he specialized in physics, philosophy, and mathematics.

Unsplash

Childhood & Early Life

He then proceeded to spend a semester at the University of Göttingen in 1866 and wrote his doctoral thesis in 1867.

Unsplash

Childhood & Early Life

Georg Cantor began his career by teaching in a Berlin girls’ school for a brief period of time. He then accepted a position at the University of Halle, where he spent his entire career. He joined as a lecturer in 1869 and was promoted to assistant professor in 1872, and full professor in 1879.

Unsplash

Career

He published a series of ten papers from 1869 to 1873 in which he dealt with the theory of numbers. A colleague, Heinrich Eduard Heine, recognized Cantor’s capability and encouraged him to work on the theory of trigonometric series.

Unsplash

Career

He started with the work performed on trigonometric series by the German mathematician Bernhard Riemann a few years ago, and extended it to show that the function of a complex variable can be represented in only one way by a trigonometric series.

Unsplash

Career

He began his work on what became known as set theory in 1874. Cantor’s correspondence with Richard Dedekind, mathematician at the Brunswick Technical Institute, triggered in his mind ideas on the theory of sets.

Unsplash

Career

In 1874, he published an article ‘On a Property of the Collection of All Real Algebraic Numbers’ which marked the beginning of set theory as a branch of mathematics. The article provided a rigorous proof that there was more than one kind of infinity. Through this work he proved that real numbers are not countable.

Unsplash

Career

Georg Cantor founded the set theory, the branch of mathematical logic that studies sets. This theory is most commonly applied to objects that are relevant to mathematics though any type of object can be collected into a set. He also gave a new method of constructing transcendental numbers in 1874 which were first constructed by Joseph Liouville in 1844.

Unsplash

Major Works