Andre Weil was a French mathematician who laid the foundation of number theory and algebraic geometry

@Mathematicians, Life Achievements and Facts

Andre Weil was a French mathematician who laid the foundation of number theory and algebraic geometry

- Birthday: May 6, 1906
- Died on: August 6, 1998
- Nationality: French
- Famous: Child Prodigies, Scientists, Mathematicians
- Spouses: Éveline
- Siblings: Simone Weil
- Universities:
- École Normale Supérieure
- University of Paris
- Aligarh Muslim University

Andre Weil born at

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Birth Place

He married Eveline in 1937. The couple had two daughters, namely, Sylvie and Nicolette.

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Personal Life

He died on August 6, 1998, at the age of 92, in Princeton, New Jersey.

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Personal Life

He was born on May 6, 1906 in Paris, France, to Bernard Bernhard Weil, a medical doctor and his wife, Salomea Reinherz. He had a younger sister, Simone Adolphine Weil, who later became a famous philosopher.

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Childhood & Early Life

By the age of 10, he developed a keen interest in mathematics. He was also passionate about traveling and studying different languages.

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Childhood & Early Life

He was religious from an early age and by the age of 16, he had read the "Bhagavad Gita" in the original Sanskrit.

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Childhood & Early Life

In 1925–26 he studied algebraic geometry of Italian mathematicians while in Rome.

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Childhood & Early Life

He traveled to Germany for his fellowship at Göttingen, where he studied the number theory of German mathematicians.

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Childhood & Early Life

For his first job as a professor, he traveled to India and taught mathematics at the Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh, from 1930 to 1932.

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Career

After that, he returned to France and taught at the University of Marseille for a year. Then he was appointed at the University of Strasbourg, where he served from 1933 to 1940.

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Career

In 1939, he was mistakenly arrested for spying in Finland, when the Second World War broke out, while he was wandering in Scandinavia.

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Career

On his return to France in 1940, he was again arrested for failing to report on his duty in the French Army and was imprisoned in Le Havre and then Rouen.

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Career

During his stay in prison, he completed his most celebrated work in mathematics—he proved the Riemann hypothesis for curves over finite fields.

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Career

During the 1930s, he introduced the adele ring, a topological ring in algebraic number theory and topological algebra, which is built on the field of rational numbers.

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Major Works

One of his major accomplishments were the 1940s proof of the Riemann hypothesis for zeta-functions of curves over finite fields and his subsequent laying of proper foundations for algebraic geometry to support that result.

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Major Works

He also developed the Weil representation, an infinite-dimensional linear representation of theta functions which gave a contemporary framework for understanding the classical theory of quadratic forms.

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Major Works

His work on algebraic curves has influenced a wide variety of areas such as, elementary particle physics and string theory.

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Major Works