Famous Physiologists - List of Famous Physiologists

Physiologists study the functions of living organisms. Physiology is the science of understanding the mechanical, physical and biochemical functioning in a living system. The organs, organ systems, cells, and bio-chemical molecules that constitute the living organism are analyzed to understand the physical and chemical functions that take place within the organism. The field of physiology is closely related to anatomy and the two sciences are often studied in tandem. Physiologists conduct research on the organ system and cellular structure of animals and plants. They study processes like respiration, growth, movement, digestion, reproduction, excretion and other functions of living organisms under different conditions. They determine the effects of external environmental factors like presence of pollutants and carcinogens on their life processes and functions. Physiologists may work in hospitals and help in the development of new and improved treatment regimes for patients. One very popular job option is that of exercise physiologist. They study how the body responds to training and exercises and help athletes and sports people to follow a scientifically designed food and exercise schedule. Physiologists may specialize in human physiology, animal physiology, plant physiology, or the sub-branches under any of these fields. This section gives you information about the life and works of various famous physiologists from all over the world.

The Most Famous Physiologists

NameBirthdayNationalityBio
Charles BestFebruary 27, 1899Canadian, AmericanCharles Best was a great scientist and a renowned physiologist who is remembered for being the co-discoverer of insulin
Theodor SchwannDecember 7, 1810GermanTheodor Schwann was a German physiologist who discovered the Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system
Claude BernardJuly 12, 1813FrenchClaude Bernard was a famous French physiologist who defined homeostasis and glycogen
Charles Scott SherringtonNovember 27, 1857BritishCharles Sherrington was a Nobel Prize winning English scientist who explained the function of neurons in the human body
Albert Szent-GyörgyiSeptember 16, 1893Austrian, Hungarian, AmericanAlbert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrápolt was a Hungarian born American physiologist who received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1937.
Johannes Peter MüllerJuly 14, 1801GermanJohannes Peter Müller was a German physiologist and comparative anatomist
Wilhelm WundtAugust 16, 1832GermanWilhelm Wundt was a renowned doctor who conducted pioneering studies on experimental psychology
Ulf von EulerFebruary 7, 1905SwedishUlf von Euler was a noted Swedish physiologist who was one of the joint winners of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Jared DiamondSeptember 10, 1937AmericanJared Mason Diamond is an American scientist and author reputed for his highly acclaimed and popular science books.
Alan Lloyd HodgkinFebruary 5, 1914BritishSir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin was an English biophysicist and a physiologist who received the Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1963
Jared Diamond

Jared Diamond

Jared Mason Diamond is an American scientist and author reputed for his highly acclaimed and popular science books.

AmericanSeptember 10, 1937167 views

Johannes Peter Müller

Johannes Peter Müller was a German physiologist and comparative anatomist

GermanJuly 14, 1801172 views

Torsten Wiesel

Torsten Wiesel is a Nobel Prize winning Swedish neurophysiologist who was one of the co-recipients of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

SwedishJune 3, 1924152 views

David H. Hubel

David Hunter Hubel was a Nobel Prize winning Canadian neurophysiologist noted for his work on the structure and function of the visual cortex

Roger Guillemin

Roger Charles Louis Guillemin is a French-born American physiologist, who was awarded the ‘Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology’ in 1977

FrenchJanuary 11, 192490 views

Theodor Schwann

Theodor Schwann was a German physiologist who discovered the Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system

GermanDecember 7, 1810212 views

Ragnar Granit

Ragnar Granit was a Finnish-Swedish Nobel Laureate who made scientific discoveries in the physiology of the retina

FinnsOctober 30, 1900103 views

Charles Brenton Huggins

Charles Huggins was a Canadian-born American physician, surgeon and physiologist who won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1966

CanadianSeptember 22, 1901114 views